Sand Creek Massacre 150th Anniversary

This coming Saturday marks the 150th Anniversary of the Sand Creek Massacre.  At dawn on November 29, 1864, Colorado Volunteers led by Col. John Chivington attacked a camp of about 700 Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians near Sand Creek in southeast Colorado territory.  Most of the Indians were unarmed, and soldiers chased after fleeing women and children while firing cannon on the village.  In the end, an estimated 150-200 Cheyenne and Arapaho were killed or wounded, mostly women, children, and the elderly. 

At the time of the massacre, tensions between Indians and whites had reached a fever pitch.  So initially Col. Chivington and his men, along with Territorial Governor John Evans, were lauded as heroes.  Eventually, however, the brutality of the massacre on unarmed persons was brought to light, particularly through the testimony of Captain Silas Soule, who told of the atrocities he witnessed.  During the massacre, he had ordered his men not to fire their weapons.  Soule was later gunned down for his testimony.  Chivington and Evans, however, were disgraced, and Evans resigned as governor.  No official charges were brought against either of them.

Today you can visit the site of the massacre, which has been designated a National Historic Site and is operated by the National Park Service.  See their website for visitor information as well as anniversary commemoration information and feature articles on various aspects of the massacre and the events that led up to it.

In our library's collection you can find various resources that tell the story of the people involved.  Resources on Cheyenne and Arapaho culture include:
  • Tell Me, Grandmother:  Traditions, Stories, and Cultures of Arapaho People
  • Treaties Between Tribes of the Great Plains and the United States of America, Cheyenne and Arapaho, 1825-1900
  • Colorado Native American Studies Resource Guide
  • Cheyenne Dog Soldiers:  A Ledgerbook History of Coups and Combat
  • Cheyenne Texts:  An Introduction to Cheyenne Literature
Resources on the Colorado Volunteers include:

Artist's rendering of the Sand Creek Massacre.  Courtesy History Colorado / www.nps.org.  


Private Occupational Schools

Some careers don't require a 4-year degree, but still require some training.  This is where private occupational schools come in.  These schools offer courses in a variety of occupations, including but not limited to
  • Acupuncture
  • Auto Mechanics
  • Bartending
  • Cosmetology
  • Criminal Justice
  • Culinary Arts
  • Dog Grooming
  • Graphic Design
  • Holistic Medicine
  • HVAC
  • Massage Therapy
  • Medical/Nursing
  • Mortgage Broker
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Pharmacy Technician
  • Real Estate
  • Reflexology
  • Tax Preparation
  • Trucking
  • Veterinary Technician
  • Web Development
  • Yoga Instruction
If you are interested in studying for these or other occupations not requiring a Bachelor's Degree, check out the Colorado Department of Higher Education's Private Occupational Schools Directory.  Here you can compare and find information on nearly 700 different schools around the state.  When you find a school that interests you, you can check on accreditation and verify against diploma mills at this webpage from the Department of Higher Education.


Fencing with Wildlife in Mind

140 years ago today, Joseph Glidden received a patent for barbed wire fencing.  His invention would mean the end of the open range and would change the West forever.  And although today Colorado is home to numerous farms and ranches, it is also home to many species of wildlife that must coexist with agriculture.  Therefore the Colorado Division of Wildlife developed a helpful guidebook, Fencing with Wildlife in Mind, for farmers and ranchers to learn how they can protect their livestock while protecting wildlife at the same time.  According to the book's introduction,

This publication provides guidelines and details for constructing fences with wildlife in mind. The information it contains has been contributed by wildlife managers, biologists, land managers, farmers, and ranchers. Over time, their observations and research have built a body of knowledge concerning wildlife and fences, including:
  • A basic understanding of how ungulates cross fences and the fence designs that cause problems for moose, elk, deer, pronghorn, and bighorn sheep.
  • Fence designs that adequately contain livestock without excluding wildlife.
  • Fence designs that effectively exclude ungulates, bears, beavers, and other small mammals.

Other publications on this topic that can be found in our library's collection include Fencing for Man and Beast: An Illustrated Guide to Friendly Fencing for Livestock and Wildlife and Fencing for Mule Deer, both also from the Colorado Division of Wildlife.



Underage Drinking

The Colorado Department of Revenue has released a new website/app, the State of Colorado Underage Drinking Enforcement Website.  This site provides statistical information on minors in possession.  On the site, you can look up the number of tickets issued for underage drinking by Colorado region and check whether local establishments have been issued citations for serving alcohol to minors.  You can also use the site to submit an anonymous tip. 


Avalanche Danger

The storm that came through our state this weekend dropped a lot of snow in the high country. Some places got over 40 inches of snow. An avalanche advisory has been issued for many parts of the state. Read today's "Statewide Avalanche Statement" from the Colorado Avalanche Information Center. Besides providing information on current conditions, the center also provides avalanche training and also has links to online educational materials.


Licensed Professions and Occupations

Our library receives many questions about how to search for an occupational license.  If you are licensed in an occupation and need to check the status of your license, or if you are doing business with someone and want to verify that they are licensed, you can find this information at the Colorado Department of Regulatory Agencies (DORA)'s license database.  Simply select the profession from the drop-down menu and, to narrow the search, fill in terms such as name or city in the search boxes.  You will get a list with basic information including name, license number, status (active, expired, etc.), city, state, and zip.  For more information, click on the "detail" link next to the person's name.  This will pull up information such as dates of licensing and any disciplinary actions received.

You can find detailed information on each profession and its requirements at DORA's Licensed Professions and Businesses page.  To renew a license, click here.


Colorado Military History

The nation's military history was the theme of the Denver Veteran's Day Parade this year.  Colorado has an interesting and extensive military history, dating back to territorial days when Colorado volunteers played a role in the western theater of the Civil War.  You can learn about Colorado's military history through a number of insightful publications available from our library, including:

  • This Soldier Life:  The Diaries of Romine H. Ostrander, 1863-1865, in Colorado Territory, Colorado Historical Society, 2006.
  • The Tall Chief:  The Unfinished Autobiography of Edward W. Wynkoop, 1856-1866.  Colorado Historical Society, 1994.
  • A Time for Peace:  Fort Lewis, 1878-1891.  University Press of Colorado, 2006.
  • The Military Establishment at Camp George West.  Colorado Historical Society, 1992.
  • Fort Garland Museum:  A Capsule History and Guide.  Colorado Historical Society, 2005.
  • Old Fort Garland.  Colorado Historical Society, 1954.
  • Military Engagements Between United States Troops and Plains Indians. University of Northern Colorado, 1980.
  • Hollow Victory:  The White River Expedition of 1879 and the Battle of Milk Creek. University Press of Colorado, 1997.
  • The Battle of Beecher Island and the Indian War of 1867-1869.  University Press of Colorado, 1992.
  • Cheyenne Dog Soldiers:  A Ledgerbook History of Coups and Combat.  University Press of Colorado, 1997.
  • Just Outside of Manila:  Letters from Members of the First Colorado Regiment in the Spanish-American War. Colorado Historical Society, 1992.
  • Distant Bugles, Distant Drums:  The Union Response to the Confederate Invasion of New Mexico. University Press of Colorado, 2006.
  • Colorado Volunteers in the Civil War:  The New Mexico Campaign of 1862.  Colorado Historical Society, 1963.
  • Military Records of the State and Territory of Colorado. Colorado State Archives.
  • Colorado Volunteers, 1861-1865.  Colorado State Archives.
  • Annual Report of the Department of Military Affairs
  • A War-Modified Course of Study for the Public Schools of Colorado. Superintendent of Public Instruction, 1918.
This Veterans' Day, these publications and others available from our library can help us to remember those Coloradans who fought and died for our country.

The Colorado Veterans' Monument in Lincoln Park across from the State Capitol is one of many military monuments on or near the Capitol grounds.  Others include Civil War monument and cannons; a Pearl Harbor Memorial; the USS Colorado Memorial; Volunteers of the Spanish American War Flagpole; Medal of Honor recipient Joseph R. Martinez statue; Amache Internment Camp and Governor Ralph Carr memorials; and the Sand Creek Interpretive Plaque.  Photo courtesy Colorado Legislative Council.


Marijuana Enforcement, Licenses, and Rules

The Colorado Department of Revenue's newly-designed website now includes a Marijuana Enforcement webpage which includes helpful information for marijuana retailers, law enforcement, and government officials.  This site includes all licensing information and forms for marijuana retailers, both medical and recreational; applicable laws, statutes, and regulations; tax information; and information on testing, transporting, and registering as a cultivator.  This site includes all the information a licensee or government official needs to make sure a marijuana operation is in compliance with Colorado laws and regulations.


Departmental Budget Requests

Each Colorado state departmental agency is required to submit their budget request to the Office of State Planning and Budgeting on November 1 of every year.  Then, in November and December, the two months before the Legislative session begins, the agencies present their budgets to the Joint Budget Committee.  This year's round of agency budgets is now available on the State Planning and Budgeting website.  Here you will also find the department Performance Plans that are also now required as part of the SMART Government Act.  For information about the SMART Act, see this Issue Brief from the Colorado Legislative Council. 

Our library permanently retains copies of all agency budget requests.  In many cases our holdings date back to the 1970s.  Budgets are available for checkout and recent years are available online; search our web catalog to find budgets from previous years.


Colorado Points of Interest

As you travel through Colorado, you will find numerous markers designating points of interest.  Some of these are historical, and others geological.

Historical - History Colorado (formerly the Colorado Historical Society) places and maintains point of interest markers in places where important historical events occurred around the state.  Our library recently acquired an interesting Historical Society publication done in 1972.  Entitled Point of Interest, it is a pictorial guide with stories, maps, photos, and drawings of historical sites, divided by region.  While the sites covered in the book can still be visited, of course, many new sites and markers have been added since then.  And the technology has changed, too -- no longer do you need to flip through a guidebook.  History Colorado now offers a Historic Marker Database that you can access with your mobile device as you drive around the state, or view online as you plan your trip. 

Geological - Even before history was prehistory, and the changes in the earth over the eons can be easily seen from your car window as you drive through Colorado.  The Colorado Geological Survey provides an interactive map for finding points of geological interest, or POGIs, such as mines, fossils, caves, and rock formations.  Click on a POGI on the map to see photos and read an explanation of the POGI's geological significance.  You can also read about the POGI program in the Spring 2006 issue of RockTalk, available from our library.

Points of interest can be fun ways to keep the kiddos entertained during road trips, or for anyone to learn about the special places that make Colorado what it is.

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