Smoke Rises at the State Capitol

Banning smoking in public places in Colorado has risen to the top of many debates this past week as the legislature conducts hearings on proposed bills. But what are some of the smoking facts?
According to STEPP (State Tobacco Education & Prevention Partnership), tobacco use is reponsible for more than 4,200 deaths yearly in our state and the annual healthcare costs in Colorado exceed $259 per capita.

More than 6,500 Colorado restaurants and 70 bars are 100% smoke-free and the issue of secondhand smoke affects children, pregnant women, restaurant/bar workers, and others. One study revealed that 88% of non-smokers had nicotine in their systems because of contact with secondhand smoke. Programs have been established to discourage smoking among youth such as Youth Tobacco Prevention and Intervention. Information on smoking and pregnancy is also available from the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment.

Other resources from that department available from our library:
Tobacco use in Colorado : results from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System by Rebecca Rosenblatt, HE18/62.12/56, also online
Cigarette smoking : the toll in Colorado, HE18/62.12/38, also online


Architectural Styles

Walking around town or looking through photographs, you will notice that Colorado has a fine array of historic architecture in many very different styles. There are numerous resources for identifying a building style, but one such guide that uses examples of Colorado's historic architecture is the Colorado Historical Society's "A Guide to Colorado's Historic Architecture and Engineering," which can be found online or checked out in hard copy form from the State Publications Library. The guide can be used to identify styles of houses, public buildings, and commercial buildings, by recognizing exterior elements characteristic of the style.

Examples of famous Denver buildings and their architectural styles:
The Colorado State Capitol - Classical Revival
The Molly Brown House - Queen Anne
The Byers-Evans House - Italianate
The Equitable Building - Renaissance Revival


Energy Conservation

President Bush's recent "energy tour," which included a stop at Golden's NREL, reflects everyone's concern about rising energy costs this winter. The State of Colorado has a wealth of information on energy conservation and renewable energy on the Governor's Office of Energy Management & Conservation Web Site. You will find program reports as well as consumer information to help you with your energy conservation efforts. Links to other organizations involved in energy efficiency are available on this site as well.

In addition, check out our library's print collection on this topic by searching our library catalog, using the search terms "energy," "renewable energy," "energy conservation," etc.


Bald Eagles Flying High in Colorado!

Recently the federal government announced that the bald eagle could be delisted as an endangered species within a year or so. Over 40 years ago there were just over 400 nesting pairs in the U.S. of our national bird. Today there are more than 7,000 nesting pairs, including about 60 in our state alone according to the Colorado Division of Wildlife Bald Eagle Monitoring Site.

Where can you see bald eagles? Many more winter in the state than are permanent residents so now is a good time for viewing. Find a complete list at "25 Great Places to See Eagles in Winter". This list, which includes golden eagles, includes the following locations:

A bald eagle pair nests every spring at Barr Lake State Park in the NE Denver Metro Area and many spend the winter at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge in Commerce City.

How do you know if you've seen a bald eagle? Look for a dark body with a white head and a white tail in the mature birds. However, the experts at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology in their page of "All About Birds" have everything you wanted to know plus photos and eagle facts.


Hunting Safety

Everyone is talking about Vice President Dick Cheney's accidentally shooting his companion on a hunting trip in Texas. For researchers wanting to find information on hunting safety, CoSPL has information from the Colo. Division of Wildlife concerning hunting safety in Colorado. Selected resources include:
-Hunting Accident Statistics for 1961-1999, NR6.2/AC2/2004
-Hunter Education Annual Report, NR6/155.1/year (also online)
-Hunting Incident Report, NR6.57/year
-Hunting Guide, NR6.53/year (also online)
-Annual Hunting Accident Report, NR6.22/year

Also see:
-Advanced Hunter Education and Shooting Sports Responsibility, UCSU20/6.3/555A, published by Colorado State University.


Colorado State Capitol Building

While the 2006 Colorado legislature is in session, upgrades to the capitol building have been put on hold. It's a great time to tour the capitol and sit in on the House and Senate proceedings. Did you know that a Colorado State Capitol Virtual Tour is available, along with historical information about this wonderful building? In addition to the on-line information, our library has print titles about the capitol. A sampling...
  • The Colorado State Capitol: History, Politics, Preservation, 2005
  • The Colorado State Capitol, 1992
  • Memorials and Art In and Around the Colorado State Capitol, 1992
  • Visitor's Guide to Colorado's Capitol, multiple years
and various Capitol Building Advisory Committee Reports.


Have Questions About Your Taxes?

Questions always come up as we organize tax information in anticipation for filing. It's not too early to start. Who has the answers to all those questions?

The "Customer Support Site for Colorado Taxes" has the answers to 268 common tax questions. If your answer is not listed you can always call 303-238-7378 at the Taxpayer Service Division. This Division web site is full of resources for Colorado taxpayers including Electronic Filing Options, Relief for Colorado Taxpayers Affected by 2005 Hurricanes, Top Ten Tax Forms, and Tax Regulations plus much more.

Similar links for federal tax information can be found on the U.S. Internal Revenue Service site.


History of Education in Colorado

The State Publications Library, part of the Colorado Department of Education, has a wide variety of information pertaining to the history of education in Colorado. Resources include:

-Reports of the Superintendent of Public Instruction back to territorial days
-"Education in Colorado", a chapter out of James Baker & Leroy Hafen's 1927 History of Colorado, can be accessed through our web site.
-School Districts' Organization: Historical Outline of Colorado School District Formation by Stanley A. Leftwich, 1989
-History of the Colorado Department of Education, 1968
-Brief History of the State Department of Education in Colorado, also available online.
-Education in Colorado, 1860-1954, by Coila M. Pottorf, 1972
-Rural School Buildings in Colorado, by Suzanne Doggett and Holly Wilson, 1999


Lobbyist Information

With the 2006 legislative session in progress, you may want to contact a lobbyist. You can use the Registered Professional Lobbyist Directory and the Registered Volunteer Lobbyists publication, both found on the Lobbyist Information web site. Our library also has these titles in paper between 1978 and 2001.


Tax Incentives for Hybrid Vehicles

The Colorado Legislative Council Staff recently published an Issue Brief titled, "Tax Incentives for Hybrid Vehicles". It pertains to hybrid passenger cars and light trucks weighing under 8,500 pounds as they are the majority in use. Other tax credits are available now for alternative fuel vehicles. This 2-page paper discusses both federal and state tax incentives plus prints a chart showing the potential consumer savings for a 2006 Toyota Prius compared to a 2006 Honda Civic Hybrid.
To view other Issue Briefs on a variety of topics of current interest, go to the Legislative Council homepage and hold the cursor over "Research Publications", then click on Issue Briefs.


Colorado Governors

Colorado will be electing a new governor this year, and the race has already begun to heat up. But what about Colorado's past governors? The State Publications Library can assist researchers in locating information on Colorado governors throughout Colorado history. Helpful resources include:

Executive Orders.
CoSPL has the complete set of A, B, and D series Executive Orders for the Lamm, Romer, and Owens Administrations. Select Owens Executive Orders can also be found online.

Historic Speeches and Addresses.
Also in CoSPL's collection are historic publications containing copies of addresses by a number of former governors, including the Inaugural address of Colorado's first state governor, John Routt (1876-1879), as well as speeches and Inaugural addresses of nearly every governor since Colorado became a state.

Task Force and Committee Reports.
CoSPL contains a variety of reports on the activites of committees and task forces established by Colorado's recent governors back to the 1950s. Our most requested is "The Report of Governor Bill Owens' Columbine Review Commission," 2001.

Biographical Information.
CoSPL's online catalog links to online information published by other state agencies. The website of the Colorado State Archives, which can be accessed through CoSPL's catalog, contains a webpage with short biographies on each Colorado governor, both state and territorial.


Legislators' Term Limits

With the Colorado legislature starting again, there is interest in term limits. Below is state and federal information about this topic.


The terms and limitations of Colorado legislators: *
Statute text
(1) Senators shall be elected for the term of four years and representatives for the term of two years.
(2) In order to broaden the opportunities for public service and to assure that the general assembly is representative of Colorado citizens, no senator shall serve more than two consecutive terms in the senate, and no representative shall serve more than four consecutive terms in the house of representatives. This limitation on the number of terms shall apply to terms of office beginning on or after January 1, 1991. Any person appointed or elected to fill a vacancy in the general assembly and who serves at least one-half of a term of office shall be considered to have served a term in that office for purposes of this subsection (2). Terms are considered consecutive unless they are at least four years apart.

Terms of U.S. Representatives and Senators: **

The House of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several states…

The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six years; and each senator shall have one vote.

* From the Constitution of Colorado, 2005, Art.V, Section 3
* * From the Constitution of the United States, 2005, Art. I, Sections 2 and 3

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