Influenza: It's Not Just for Humans

As you work to protect yourself from the flu this season, don't forget about your pets and livestock.  While animals don't get our human strains of flu, there are separate strains that can affect different species:

Avian influenza, or bird flu, most often affects waterfowl such as ducks and geese, but these birds can transmit the disease to poultry flocks.  Some strains of bird flu can be transmitted to humans and other mammals, so the disease is closely monitored.  The Colorado Department of Agriculture has information on avian influenza on their website.  You can read more about avian influenza in these publications available from our library:

Canine influenza, or dog flu, was first found in the United States in 2015.  Don't be fooled by the name; according to the American Veterinary Medical Association, cats can also be susceptible to dog flu.  Dog flu can be highly contagious so many kennels and pet care facilities now require canine flu vaccinations.  Dog flu is not transmissible to humans.  

Equine Influenza usually isn't fatal to horses, but can still be a problem especially for competition and show horses, who would have to miss events if ill, according to Colorado State University's Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratories.  They have posted equine vaccination guidelines on their website.

Swine Influenza affects pigs but is also thought to be the type of flu that caused the 1918 influenza epidemic.  You can read about it in the article The Zoonotic Potential of Swine Influenza, from CSU's Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratories.  Also see the fact sheet H1N1 Influenza and Pigs and the Colorado Department of Agriculture's Swine Emergency Disease Response Plan.


Financial Protection for Marijuana Businesses and Investors

In 2014 the Colorado Legislature passed the Marijuana Financial Services Cooperative Act, which allows for the creation of what are referred to as "cannabis credit co-ops," defined as "a cooperative association incorporated...for the twofold purpose of providing specified financial services to its members and creating a source of credit for them."  According to the Act, the creation of these co-ops was necessary because, since growing, possessing, and selling marijuana is still illegal under federal law, many financial institutions are reluctant to provide financial services to marijuana businesses. With co-ops, marijuana businesses have access to legitimate financial services, thereby discouraging black-market financial dealings and reducing the need for businesses to keep large amounts of cash on premises.  Co-ops also give the state greater "ability to track and independently verify the accounting of licensed marijuana businesses' revenues." 

Cannabis credit co-ops are overseen by the Colorado Department of Regulatory Agencies (DORA)'s Financial Services Division.  More information on the co-op program, including bylaws and how to apply for membership, can be found on the division's website.  You can learn more about the Division of Financial Services in their annual report.

DORA also works to help consumers become educated on how the can protect their finances.  For those considering investing in the marijuana industry, this brochure from DORA explains how you can better protect your finances by understanding the risks and benefits of marijuana investing.  DORA's Division of Securities also has a great deal of helpful information on their For Investors website, including tips on spotting and avoiding fraud, how to file a complaint, and much more.

To read more about the state's regulation and oversight of the marijuana industry in Colorado, search our library's online catalog.


Time Machine Tuesday: Income Tax Statistics

Income tax filing season has arrived.  How do today's incomes compare with those in the past?  It's hard to believe that just forty years ago the average annual household income in Colorado was only $13,214!  

In 1977 the Colorado Legislative Council issued their tax study Colorado Statistics of Income: Individual Income Tax Returns, Fiscal Year 1977, which contains lots of data on Coloradan's incomes and how much of it went towards taxes.  Similar reports were issued for 1975 and throughout the 1980s and 1990s to help lawmakers determine state tax policy.  If you're researching the history of salaries and income in Colorado, these reports are a very helpful tool which have been digitized and made available online for easy access.  Our library also has many other reports on income taxes; search our online catalog for titles.


Colorado Digital Learning Day

Governor Hickenlooper has declared today, Friday, February, 16, as Colorado Digital Learning Day.  This day highlights the important role of technology in today's learning landscape.  The proclamation states in part that "Digital Learning Day will encourage teachers, students, schools, parents, policymakers, and the public to participate in activities that promote discussion about innovative learning practices."
To find out more, see the Colorado Virtual Library's blog post about Digital Literacy & Learning Resources.  Our library also has many helpful resources on digital learning and educational technology; search our online catalog for titles such as
The Colorado State Library Professional Collection also has numerous resources on this topic, available for check-out.  


School Safety Resources

Sadly, there has been another school shooting, and our thoughts are with Florida during this difficult time.  The Colorado Department of Education (CDE) and other state agencies have many resources on school safety available to students, schools, and parents, such as


Time Machine Tuesday: The Sweeter Side of Colorado History

This Valentine's Day you may find yourself the recipient of candies or cupcakes, or might be planning a special dessert to go with a romantic dinner.  Today is also "Fat Tuesday." Desserts and sweets have long been a part of American culture.  But how has our sweet tooth changed over the last century?  The following publications from the Colorado State University (formerly Colorado Agricultural College) Extension offer a look at desserts through the years.  Which of these do we still make today, and which have fallen out of favor? (hint: do you even know what a junket is?  I had to look it up.  It's a custard made from curdled milk).


Junior League of Denver 100th Anniversary

If you've lived in Colorado for any length of time, chances are you own a copy of the Colorado Cache Cookbook or one of the other cookbooks issued by the Junior League of Denver.  But what exactly is the League?  The JLD is a women's volunteer and charitable organization that was founded in Denver in 1918.  (The first Junior League was in New York, founded in 1901).  During the JLD's earliest days the organization's charitable endeavors included a children's tuberculosis hospital; the provision of food and clothing for the needy; a traveling children's theater; and volunteer efforts related to WWI.  Over the years, they added many more charitable contributions to this list, along with fundraising through their many social events and, of course, their famous cookbooks.

Check out the Colorado Historical Society's book Junior League of Denver: Leaders in Community Service from our library to learn the history of the JLD and their many projects over the last century.

The Junior League Follies, shown here in 1926, was a major fundraiser for the JLD in the 1920s.  The Follies was a musical revue performed by members and their families. Photo courtesy Denver Public Library Western History & Genealogy Department.

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