Sand Creek Massacre 150th Anniversary

This coming Saturday marks the 150th Anniversary of the Sand Creek Massacre.  At dawn on November 29, 1864, Colorado Volunteers led by Col. John Chivington attacked a camp of about 700 Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians near Sand Creek in southeast Colorado territory.  Most of the Indians were unarmed, and soldiers chased after fleeing women and children while firing cannon on the village.  In the end, an estimated 150-200 Cheyenne and Arapaho were killed or wounded, mostly women, children, and the elderly. 

At the time of the massacre, tensions between Indians and whites had reached a fever pitch.  So initially Col. Chivington and his men, along with Territorial Governor John Evans, were lauded as heroes.  Eventually, however, the brutality of the massacre on unarmed persons was brought to light, particularly through the testimony of Captain Silas Soule, who told of the atrocities he witnessed.  During the massacre, he had ordered his men not to fire their weapons.  Soule was later gunned down for his testimony.  Chivington and Evans, however, were disgraced, and Evans resigned as governor.  No official charges were brought against either of them.

Today you can visit the site of the massacre, which has been designated a National Historic Site and is operated by the National Park Service.  See their website for visitor information as well as anniversary commemoration information and feature articles on various aspects of the massacre and the events that led up to it.

In our library's collection you can find various resources that tell the story of the people involved.  Resources on Cheyenne and Arapaho culture include:
  • Tell Me, Grandmother:  Traditions, Stories, and Cultures of Arapaho People
  • Treaties Between Tribes of the Great Plains and the United States of America, Cheyenne and Arapaho, 1825-1900
  • Colorado Native American Studies Resource Guide
  • Cheyenne Dog Soldiers:  A Ledgerbook History of Coups and Combat
  • Cheyenne Texts:  An Introduction to Cheyenne Literature
Resources on the Colorado Volunteers include:

Artist's rendering of the Sand Creek Massacre.  Courtesy History Colorado / www.nps.org.  


Private Occupational Schools

Some careers don't require a 4-year degree, but still require some training.  This is where private occupational schools come in.  These schools offer courses in a variety of occupations, including but not limited to
  • Acupuncture
  • Auto Mechanics
  • Bartending
  • Cosmetology
  • Criminal Justice
  • Culinary Arts
  • Dog Grooming
  • Graphic Design
  • Holistic Medicine
  • HVAC
  • Massage Therapy
  • Medical/Nursing
  • Mortgage Broker
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Pharmacy Technician
  • Real Estate
  • Reflexology
  • Tax Preparation
  • Trucking
  • Veterinary Technician
  • Web Development
  • Yoga Instruction
If you are interested in studying for these or other occupations not requiring a Bachelor's Degree, check out the Colorado Department of Higher Education's Private Occupational Schools Directory.  Here you can compare and find information on nearly 700 different schools around the state.  When you find a school that interests you, you can check on accreditation and verify against diploma mills at this webpage from the Department of Higher Education.


Fencing with Wildlife in Mind

140 years ago today, Joseph Glidden received a patent for barbed wire fencing.  His invention would mean the end of the open range and would change the West forever.  And although today Colorado is home to numerous farms and ranches, it is also home to many species of wildlife that must coexist with agriculture.  Therefore the Colorado Division of Wildlife developed a helpful guidebook, Fencing with Wildlife in Mind, for farmers and ranchers to learn how they can protect their livestock while protecting wildlife at the same time.  According to the book's introduction,

This publication provides guidelines and details for constructing fences with wildlife in mind. The information it contains has been contributed by wildlife managers, biologists, land managers, farmers, and ranchers. Over time, their observations and research have built a body of knowledge concerning wildlife and fences, including:
  • A basic understanding of how ungulates cross fences and the fence designs that cause problems for moose, elk, deer, pronghorn, and bighorn sheep.
  • Fence designs that adequately contain livestock without excluding wildlife.
  • Fence designs that effectively exclude ungulates, bears, beavers, and other small mammals.

Other publications on this topic that can be found in our library's collection include Fencing for Man and Beast: An Illustrated Guide to Friendly Fencing for Livestock and Wildlife and Fencing for Mule Deer, both also from the Colorado Division of Wildlife.



Underage Drinking

The Colorado Department of Revenue has released a new website/app, the State of Colorado Underage Drinking Enforcement Website.  This site provides statistical information on minors in possession.  On the site, you can look up the number of tickets issued for underage drinking by Colorado region and check whether local establishments have been issued citations for serving alcohol to minors.  You can also use the site to submit an anonymous tip. 


Avalanche Danger

The storm that came through our state this weekend dropped a lot of snow in the high country. Some places got over 40 inches of snow. An avalanche advisory has been issued for many parts of the state. Read today's "Statewide Avalanche Statement" from the Colorado Avalanche Information Center. Besides providing information on current conditions, the center also provides avalanche training and also has links to online educational materials.